What is an Anticancer?
According to reports from the American anticancer Society, cancer is the third deadliest disease in the world after cardiovascular, parasitic, and infectious diseases. people now. Therefore, the medical needs of cancer remain one of the most challenging areas for scientific research. Several studies have been conducted on the prevention and treatment of cancer. Chemoprevention is defined as pharmacological treatment intervention with synthetic or natural compounds capable of inhibiting or preventing carcinogenesis. Cancer treatment includes surgery, radiation, and drugs. Surgery: The first line of therapy is used in the early stages of cancer. in connection with surgical interventions. The latter drugs are implemented with chemotherapy using a wide group of drugs that have cytotoxic effects. Cancer drugs inhibit cell division and proliferation and are less selective for cancer cells. Therefore, these drugs not only kill cancer cells but also normal cells.
Medication Process of Anticancer Drug
Many different types of Anticancer Drugs are used to treat cancer, chemotherapy is one of the anticancer drugs, which is used to treat cancer by destroying cancer cells, either alone or in combination with other drugs or treatments. These drugs vary widely in their chemistry (what they’re made of), how they’re prescribed and administered, and how helpful they are in treating certain types of cancer. Chemotherapy drugs also destroy healthy cells while destroying cancer cells because chemotherapy drugs travel through the whole body.
There are many types of chemotherapy, that depend on the type of cancer and how far it spread, such as:-
- The primary chemotherapy treatment is to get rid of all cancer cells and keep them from coming back and this chemotherapy is called “curative chemotherapy”.
- Before other treatments, chemotherapy can be given before surgery to shrink tumors and this is called “neoadjuvant chemotherapy”.
- After other treatments, chemotherapy can be given after surgery to destroy the remaining cancer cells. This is called “adjuvant chemotherapy”.
- When cancer can’t be cured, chemotherapy immediately shrinks the tumor and prevents the tumor growth and spreading for various lengths of time. It helps to extend patient life and improve the quality of patient life.