Important Things You Should Know About Cancer Treatment

Important Things You Should Know About Cancer Treatment

Does everyone know what cancer treatment is? It’s an illness that touches almost everyone at some point in their lives, and it can be a frightening diagnosis no matter your age or background. But while many people are understandably overwhelmed by the potential outcomes of the disease, there are also many treatment options available to those who have been diagnosed with cancer. The main thing you need to know about cancer treatment is that there are many different ways to go about it. Depending on the type of cancer you have, as well as your unique needs and circumstances, your doctor may suggest one course of action over another. So what should you know about cancer treatment? Let’s take a look at important things.

cancer treatment

Basics of Cancer Treatment

Cancer is a term used to describe a broad set of diseases that affect the body’s cells. Cancer can form at any age and in any body part. If left untreated, cancers can grow and spread to other parts of the body. All cancer treatments are designed to treat cancer and reduce the risk it will spread. Cancer treatments can be split into two categories – surgery and other treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Surgery is used to remove cancerous breast lumps and other tumors. Other treatments are designed to kill cancer cells, reduce cancer growth, relieve symptoms, and prevent cancer from spreading. Some cancer treatments can cause side effects, but these can usually be treated so you can have the best possible outcome from your treatment.

Chemotherapy

cancer treatment

Chemotherapy is a drug that is used to kill cancer cells. It can be used for many different types of cancer. The best way to describe chemotherapy is that it’s a bit like using a weed spray to kill the bad plants in your garden. But instead of spraying that weed spray on one plant at a time, you spray the weed killer on every plant in the garden. The hope is that the weed killer will kill all the bad plants while leaving the good ones alone. Cancer treatment is different for everyone, so your doctor may suggest a type of chemotherapy that’s different from the one another person receives. That’s because every cancer patient is different. 

Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells. These beams travel through the body and aim to hit the cancer cells. Like chemotherapy, radiation therapy can be given in different ways depending on the type of cancer you have. And while chemotherapy is often given over weeks (or even months), many types of radiation therapy are given in one session. During a radiation therapy session, you’ll lie inside a machine that looks a bit like a large box. The machine will direct beams of energy toward your tumor. Like chemotherapy, the radiation beams can damage healthy cells. So your doctor will try to target the cancer cells while avoiding healthy tissue.

Other Types of Cancer Treatment

cancer treatment

There are many other types of cancer treatment available. Other treatments include surgery, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy. Surgery can be used to remove a tumor, or a wart-like lesion called a growth or nodule. Immunotherapy is a treatment that uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer cells. Targeted therapy is a therapy that is used to treat specific mutations associated with certain types of cancers. Other options include stem cell transplants, hormone therapy, dietary changes, and natural supplements. The best way to understand the full range of cancer treatment options is to speak with your doctor about the type of cancer you have. They can help you understand the treatment options available and decide which one will work best for you.